India and China have pursued contrasting policies in reaching out to their Southeast Asian neighbors, and China appears to be gaining the upper hand.
With Japan's new Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, eager to ensure a stable balance of power in Asia, there could be room for a closer Indo-Japanese partnership in 2013.
The U.S. position on whether India or China has sovereignty over the territory of Arunachal Pradesh will be increasingly important as the rivalry between those two emerging powers grows.
India's relations with Southeast Asia are booming, but Beijing's increased presence in the region looms large in New Delhi's thinking.
As President Obama begins his second term, it's up to New Delhi to take the already strong U.S.-Indian partnership to the next level.
The emergence of China and India as naval powers and the intersection of their maritime policies with those of the United States are bound to churn the security politics of the Indo-Pacific for decades to come.
Despite the huge differences in the current naval capabilities of China, India, and the United States, the three countries are locked in a triangular struggle destined to mold the future Indo-Pacific.