The rise of China and the emergence of India are reshaping the political geography of the world. As a neighbour of China, now second only to the United States in the global hierarchy, India feels the multiple consequences of Beijing’s rapidly growing comprehensive national power. Meanwhile, India has become the sixth largest economy in the world and is gaining considerable agency in influencing the world around it. Yet, the political class and the commentariat in Delhi has trouble adjusting their mental maps. Two new ideas about the physical space around us – the Indo-Pacific and Eurasia – are beginning to compel India to replace the old signposts in India’s strategic cartography.