Recent developments demand that New Delhi take a fresh strategic look at the Gulf region.
The U.S.-India relationship was often distant during the Cold War, but the partnership is now critical for both countries’ strategic aims.
Even if Pakistan succeeds in getting the new Taliban leadership to the table, there will be enough Afghan elements to challenge the terms.
Beijing has begun to see that political stability and moderation in Afghanistan are vital to counter the rise of Islamist extremism and ethnic separatism in its restive far western province, Xinjiang.
The next decade in India’s partnership with America could turn out to be even more consequential than the previous one.
The historic nuclear accord between Iran and the international community unveiled in Vienna helps remove a number of recent constraints on Indian foreign policy.
To be an effective player in Central Asia, India must find a way either through Pakistan, or around it.
Although nimble diplomacy can paper over the emerging cracks in India’s multi-alignment strategy, Delhi will need to make some difficult judgements on where its interests might lie when push comes to shove among the great powers.
Modi’s trip to Central Asia is a welcome change in India’s relations in the area, but he will need a long-term strategy to overcome the constraints on India’s regional role.
The Chinese navy first showed its flag in the Indian Ocean nearly three decades ago, when it began to make ship visits to Sri Lanka and Pakistan.